1. Academic Records
Your past academic record is one of the most important deciding factors in securing admission to a US university. Graduate schools are seeking individuals who have proven ability in a specific area, or have demonstrated skills that can be parlayed into a specific field.
Universities in US have their own marking and evaluating systems which follow the GPA (Grade Point Average) system. It is based on the 5 points scheme – A, B, C, D & F.
2. Standardized Tests
Many courses and universities in US require you to take one of the standardized tests like GRE (Graduate Record Examination), GMAT along with English Proficiency tests. Different programs require you to take certain standardized tests for admission and there is a certain minimum that you have to score in those tests to get admitted to those universities:
GMAT: For graduate courses in Management
GRE: For graduate courses in fields other than Management
LSAT: For admissions to Law Schools
MCAT: For admissions to Medical Schools
3. Work Experience Details
Number of professional and vocational courses require relevant work experience. For instance, many MBAs or master's courses in information studies require at least a couple of years' work experience.
4. Letter of Recommendation
Letters of reference or recommendation letters play a very important part in your admission especially in courses that earn you a master's or doctoral degree. A recommendation letter is signed statement from a person who knows you well professionally or has taught you in a subject that is related to the course you are applying to. It should list your positive and negative qualities, strengths and other such information.
5. Statement of Purpose
The personal essays, and/or statement of purpose, play a very important role in the process of evaluating your application for both admission as well as financial aid because it gives the faculty assessing your application their most significant impression of you as individual.
Interviewing prospective candidates is getting common in the US admission structure. A few universities may take your interview to know you better. The interview could be with a college representative or "third party" representatives, staff, faculty or alumni of the college or simply a telephonic interview. These interviews are usually informal and more of an opportunity to exchange information. The interview will try to judge your abilities and interests.